Keen on efficiency in procedures and substance, Systems Planning℠ makes a paradigm breakthrough with originality and rigour: stakeholders get to visualise, think, and understand ’how things work’, how reality relates to them, and how to define the planning problem plain and simple. Then, of course, comes problem-solving, plans, simulations, decision, as well as reviews and revisions — but, just like Ella’s mother advised, “t’ain’t what you do, it’s the way that you do it”.
Systems Planning℠ invests in human competences, caring for both personal and community development through Classic Education℠ as much as Academic Activism℠.
The underpinning archetype relies on human values (e.g. justice, ethics, the common good) that are close to people (e.g. for reasoning, reflection, appreciation, living experience, intervention) — hence, at a human scale.
The holism of Systems Planning℠ contrasts with a number of persistent but not exactly commendable principles and practices, collectively constituting its antipodes. And since Systems Planning℠ insists in explicit relations for better understanding of the structure and function dynamics, the antipodes are more insightfully presented in a mental model — technically, a commented RBP.
Herd thinking — popular choice
Point thinking — loose indicators
Shadow thinking — assessment by proxy
Terminal aggregation — computational indices
Fragmented governance — SIG-run government
Extreme attitude — e.g. arrogance, inertia, insecurity, greed
Enquiry — e.g. knowledge, understanding
Ethical means — e.g. ethical publishers, ethical sponsors
Demeaning institutional pressures, whether conscious or not
Delusive popularity indices dictated as proxies of excellence
Methodic preparation — e.g. study, investigation, understanding
Meticulous execution — e.g. protocol, techniques, resources, records
Shared and resolute reasoning — e.g. assumptions, decisions
Painstaking communication — e.g. writing, illustrations
Unscrupulous authoring — e.g. for the obtention of ‘career points’
Ill-advised attitudes hampering decision-making or course corrections
Applications to assay knowledge — e.g. hypotheses, methods
Feedback from the applications — e.g. success, corrections
Selective dissemination — e.g. publications, consulting
Conjectural knowledge — e.g. due to insufficient time, inappropriate method, or limited care
Low-quality publications — e.g. by carelessness, for ‘vanity’, or ‘career’ purposes
Systems Planning℠ takes an analytic X-ray View™ on intangibles (e.g. structure and function) in each of its objects of interest, which enables an Explicit Planning™ modus operandi that turns all knowledge and reasoning visible and shareable.
Type:Procedural aspect Principles:System Knowledge; Visual Reasoning (Visual Argument™); Structured Problem
Type:Information refinement Relevance:PoV; direction; extent and aggregation (zoom-and-focus/ scope-and-scale)
Systems Planning Methodology (SPM™)
For ‘high-level’ planning tasks corresponding to methods, Systems Planning℠ develops and maintains an avant-garde methodology (SPM™) with disclosed reasoning (Methodology technical folio).
Explicative Causal Thinking™
Diagrammatic Causal Analysis™
Decision Model Analysis™
‘XYZ’ Problem Definition™
Iterative Refinement Schema™
How to conceive/ create new plans How to review and/ or revise existing plans How to document and refine decision-making How to define the planning problem efficiently How to assess the efficiency of plans and/ or planning How to preview the function of systems, processes, or plans How to solve a planning problem holistically towards perfection
For ‘low-level’ planning tasks, Systems Planning℠ develops and maintains an avant-garde modelling language (SPML™) as a coordinated set of disclosed-reasoning techniques (Language technical folio).
Hierarchical Breakdown Structures™
Concept Association Diagrams™
Concise Process Diagrams™
Extended Process Diagrams™
Personalised Process Diagrams™
Information Flow Diagrams™
Transaction Chain Diagrams™
Descriptive Causal Diagrams™
How to represent system structure and function How to represent hierarchical structure How to represent processes concisely (global PoV) How to represent processes in detail (global PoV) How to represent processes in detail (actor PoV) How to represent coupled money & product/ service flows How to represent causal mental models and reasoning How to represent semantic categories in text
Professional Perfection™ — understanding, intelligence, refinement Personal/ Team Fulfilment™ — confidence, mastery, satisfaction, recognition Organisational Advancement™ — streamlined structure, fluid function, tuned form
Systems Planning℠ actively extends its empowering experience to the wider community through cooperations (e.g. projects, visits) within the scope of R&D, praxis, and education. (Office technical folio).
Academic Mentoring℠ — academic project guidance in a reflective mode Academic Activism℠ — community awareness in a reflective mode Cognitive Coaching℠ — praxis project guidance in a facilitative mode Boutique Consulting℠ — praxis project guidance in a counselling mode
Insight Lectures℠ — educational talks with perspectives of praxis and theory Outreach Seminars℠ — explanatory/ motivational talks on mission themes
Specialist Workshops℠ — short and focussed training sessions (X-ray Packs™, Masterclasses™) Scholarly Clubs℠ — broad cultural and communicational competences (Culture beneath technique™)
Bringing Systems Planning℠ into effective action — e.g. carrying out original work — requires routine deployment workflows involving computer-based resources (i.e. software).
Software is indicated in ‘current setups’ and organised in application genres, which are then dispatched in ‘deployment suites’. As always, users must judge for themselves regarding fitness-for-purpose, pricing, alternatives, etc.
Processing/ Output:Documents, diagrams Languages:TeX, LaTeX, XeTeX; TikZ Credits:The TeX typesetting language was developed by Donald E. Knuth; LaTeX is a set of macros developed by Leslie Lamport; the XeTeX variant was developed by Jonathan Kew to support extended font sets; pdfLaTeX compiles directly to PDF, developed by Hàn Thê’ Thành. TikZ is a set of macros for the PGF vector graphics language, both developed by Till Tantau. Editors:TexShop, Kile Snippet management:SnippetsLab Bibliography management:BibDesk, Yep Research:DevonAgent Pro Equations:Latexit Review/ Revision:PDF Expert
Processing/ Output:Documents (mainly text) Language:Markdown/ MultiMarkdown Credits:Markdown is structured plain-text formatting, developed by John Gruber; MultiMarkdown is an extended version developed by Fletcher Penney. Editors:MultiMarkdown Composer, iA Writer, SubEthaEdit Snippet management:SnippetsLab Previewer/ Exporter:Marked 2 Review/ Revision:PDF Expert
Processing/ Output:Diagrams (graphs) Language:DOT Credits:DOT is a graph description language and Graphviz is the respective visualisation software for graphs — both developed by AT&T Research. Layouts:DOT, NEATO, FDP, TWOPI, CIRCO Editors:SubEthaEdit, TextMate Snippet management:SnippetsLab Visualisation:Graphviz Review/ Revision:PDF Expert
Processing/ Output:Plan, programme, or project documentation Methods:Gantt Chart (e.g. task view, resource view); Scrum (e.g. backlogs, burndown charts, scrum boards) Credits:Gantt Chart is a type of bar chart for task and resource arrangements within executive proposals (e.g. plans, programmes, projects), credited to Henry Gantt. Agile project management features iterative improvement, which requires appropriate artefacts (e.g. logs, charts, boards) to maintain focus and guide progress. Gantt:OmniPlan, Visio, GanttProject, Ninox Agile:Ninox, OmniGraffle, Numbers, Trello Review/ Revision:PDF Expert
Processing/ Output:e·books Format:EPUB·3 Credits:e·books — or ‘electronic books’ — are published volumes in a digital format; besides the expected attention to the content, they create a different reality in digital typography alongside LaTeX and Markdown. Editors:Scrivener, SubEthaEdit Language:Dictionary, Thesaurus Visualisation:Books Review/ Revision:PDF Expert
Processing/ Output: illustrations, logos Formats:vector, raster Credits:Image needs to be communicated with equal care as ideas, and this calls for artwork in a variety of means and techniques. Freehand drawing:Concepts Vector editors:Affinity Designer, Graphic Photography editors:Affinity Photo, Pixelmator Pro Spatial editors:Blender, Magic Maps Utilities:Image Vectorizer, Mindcad Tiler, Font Book
Output:Software (Training, Utility) Formats:.app, .xml, .plist, etc. Credits:Software (i.e. computer programs, or ‘apps’) help execute, support, and/ or complement technical operations involving ‘regular’ documents — e.g. content formatting, filetype conversion, workflow automation. Editors:Xcode, Automator, SubEthaEdit Snippet management:SnippetsLab File management:Leap, Transmit
Systems Planning℠ reaches out to the wider community through missions — e.g. regarding social, scientific, or professional innovation — to actively and confidently ‘make for a better world’ by means of its uniqueness and Haute Culture℠. All missions seek constructive engagement with the community.
Systems Planning℠ is holistically dedicated to efficiency, so it is sometimes necessary to give emphasis on particular ideals.
In a wider community context, Academic Activism℠ raises (or ‘flags’) appropriate issues related to the missions of Systems Planning℠ and creates community awareness through guidance in a reflective mode — e.g. through careful observation of situation dynamics, informed discussions, group mental modelling, and the collaborative conception of creative solutions.
NB: The complementary reflective-mode activity of Academic Mentoring℠ is geared towards academic guidance in a restricted community, typically involving students.
In the name of ‘objectivity’, academics usually refrain from becoming activists. However, inactivity in the face of social or professional situations that are unfavourable to further knowledge is not ethically advisable. Pacific and benevolent attitudes should not preclude academics from helping the community confront perilous situations through community awareness and learned reflection.
On a more ‘positive’ note, the wider community can be stimulated (e.g. presented with knowledge and opportunities) for even further knowledge and creative thinking, beyond the scope and reach of formal education. This type of activism also fits the social function of academics, and usually comes in the ‘community extension’ responsibilities of their job description.
Activism anchored in academia naturally assumes a contemplative style, but its profoundly distinctive feature is the quest for higher causes or ideals — for instance, organisation, understanding, knowledge, efficiency, scientific rigour, ethics, which all actually relate to each other and make a network of excellence — and this makes for an activism markedly different from political or commercial campaigns.
Perdicoulis, A. (2008) Causal Networks in Impact Assessment. Seminar, Golder Associates, Oxford, UK, 2 April 2008
Perdicoulis, A. (2008) Causality Analysis in EIA. Interactive seminar, Oxford Institute for Sustainable Development (OISD), Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK, 1 April 2008
— 2007 —
Perdicoulis, A. (2007) Medical doctor or mathematician? Role models for spatial planners. International Conference ‘New concepts and approaches for urban and regional policy planning?’ Leuven, Belgium, 2–3 April 2007
— 2006 —
Perdicoulis, A. (2006) Contributions of stock-and-flow diagrams (SFD) and causal loop diagrams (CLD) to the impact assessment process. 24th International System Dynamics Conference, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, 23–27 July 2006
Perdicoulis, A. (2006) Landscape Dynamics. Landscape Architecture European Workshop, Eastern Macedonia & Thrace (EMT) Institute of Technology, Drama, Greece, 11–13 April 2006
Perdicoulis, A. (2006) Project Planning. Landscape Architecture European Workshop, Eastern Macedonia & Thrace (EMT) Institute of Technology, Drama, Greece, 11–13 April 2006
— 2005 —
Perdicoulis, A. (2005) Sustainable Lifestyles — formulation of lifestyles and environmental impacts. Achieving Synergies between Urbanisation and Sustainable Development: Where to go? Seminar organised by the Oxford Institute for Sustainable Development, School of the Built Environment, Oxford Brookes University (OBU), UK, in cooperation with the Royal Institute of Technology, School of Architecture and the Built Environment, Sweden; Oxford, UK, 27 October 2005
Perdicoulis, A. (2005) Research Presentation (Strategic Planning, SEA, EIA, EMS) at the UFZ — Umweltforschungszentrum, Leipzig, 12 July 2005
Perdicoulis, A. (2005) Dynamics in urban planning: examples from practice. International Conference on Environment, Ecosystems, and Development, World Scientific and Engineering Academy and Society, Venice, Italy, 2–4 November 2005
Perdicoulis, A. (2005) The Portuguese sustainability indicators, legal thresholds and standards — Implications for EIA. 4th Workshop of the PhD Programme in Environmental and Resource Management, BTU Cottbus; St. Marienthal, Germany, 27–30 November 2005
— 2004 —
Perdicoulis, A. (2004) Avaliar Estrategias com referencia aos proprios objectivos ou directamente as preferencias da comunidade? 1a Conferência Nacional de Avaliação de Impactes, Aveiro, 3–5 November 2004
Perdicoulis, A. (2004) Special and Convened Sessions: Environmental Dynamics Roundtable. 22nd International System Dynamics Conference, Oxford University, Oxford, UK, 25–29 July 2004
— 2003 —
Perdicoulis, A. (2003) Estratégia e Dinâmica de Sistemas. PhD Seminar, Instituto Superior das Ciências do Trabalho e da Empresa (ISCTE), Lisbon, 11–12 December 2003
Perdicoulis, A. (2003) Municipal Planning and Management with the Help of System Dynamics: the Case of Vila Real. ERASMUS lecture, University of Bergen, 17 October 2003
Perdicoulis, A. (2003) Environmental Dynamics: the Contribution of System Dynamics to Sustainable Development. ERASMUS lecture, University of Bergen, 17 October 2003
Perdicoulis, A. (2003) The Integrating Spirit of Environmental Dynamics. MIT Sloan School of Management, weekly seminar series, 7 of March 2003
Perdicoulis, A., and J.C.C. Fernandes (2003) The second phase of the Vila Real Modelling Project: Planning a Local Agenda 21 for Vila Real. 21st International Conference of the System Dynamics Society, New York, 20–24 July 2003
Perdicoulis, A. (2003) O sentido do ambiente no desenvolvimento local sustentavel: organizacao de sistemas. V Jornadas Ambientais, Instituto Politecnico de Bragança, Bragança, 7–11 April 2003
Perdicoulis, A. (2003) A paradigm shift in sustainable development. 9th International Sustainable Development Research Conference (ERP Environment), University of Nottingham, 24–25 March 2003
— 2002 —
Perdicoulis, A. (2002) State-of-the-Art in Environmental Assessment. ERASMUS lecture, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, 29 May 2002
Perdicoulis, A. (2002) Environmental Dynamics Seminars, within the UTAD–CMVR cooperation protocol (The Vila Real Modelling Project); Vila Real, 8, 15, 22, and 29 April 2002
Perdicoulis, A., and J.C.C. Fernandes (2002) A conceptual model for the municipality of Vila Real. 20th International Conference of the System Dynamics Society, Palermo, 28 July – 1 August 2002
Perdicoulis, A. (2002) Philosophical Principles Guiding Sustainable Development Instruments. Indaba workshop, 22nd annual meeting of the International Association for Impact Assessment, The Hague, 15–22 June 2002
Perdicoulis, A. (2002) A dynamic appendix to environmental impact statements enhances impact forecasting and process transparency. 22nd annual meeting of the International Association for Impact Assessment, The Hague, 15–22 June 2002
— 2001 —
Perdicoulis, A. (2001) Information Technology in Environmental Assessment. ERASMUS lecture, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia, 1 June 2001
Perdicoulis, A. (2001) System Dynamics at the service of strategic environmental assessment. 19th International Conference of the System Dynamics Society, Atlanta, Georgia (USA), 23–27 July 2001
Perdicoulis, A. and L. Ramos (2001) As questoes ambientais e o desenvolvimento territorial: argumentos a favor de uma nova abordagem metodologica. VIII Encontro Nacional da APDR, University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Vila Real, 29 June – 1 July 2001
— 2000 —
Perdicoulis, A. (2000) A participação do público na elaboração do estudo de impacte ambiental. III Jornadas de Engenharia Biológica, University of Minho, Braga, 29–31 March 2000
— 1999 —
Perdicoulis, A. (1999) Local Authority System Decomposition for Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) Purposes. ERASMUS lecture, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, UK, 9 September 1999
Perdicoulis, A. (1999) The template project: helping local authorities forecast the outcomes of their development strategies. 19th annual meeting of the International Association of Impact Assessment, Glasgow, 15–19 June 1999
— 1997 —
Perdicoulis, A. (1997) How do growth and change relate to sustainability? 3rd annual International Sustainable Development Research Conference (ERP Environment), Manchester Conference Centre, 7–8 April 1997
— 1996 —
Perdicoulis, A. (1996) Appraisal of Local Authority Development Plans. PhD presentation, University of Salford, Salford, UK, 27 November 1996
Perdicoulis, A. (1996) Appraisal of Local Authority Development Plans. PhD presentation, University of Salford, Salford, UK, 27 November 1996
Perdicoulis, A. (1996) Public participation in the selection of local authority plans. 6th annual European Environment conference, Advances in European Environmental Policy: Critical Issues in Policy Success, University of Leeds, 16–17 September 1996
Perdicoulis, A., and S. Power (1996) System dynamics in the impact assessment of plans. Conference on Integrating Environmental Assessment and Socio-Economic Appraisal in the Development Process, University of Bradford, Bradford, 24–25 May 1996
Perdicoulis, A. (1996) Appraisal of tourism development plans. Sustainable Tourism conference, Newton Rigg College in association with the University of Central Lancashire, Preston, Lancashire, 17–19 April 1996
Perdicoulis, A. (1996) Matrices versus Simulation in Plan Appraisal: experience from the application to a case study (Syros, Greece). Seminar, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK, 3 July 1996
Perdicoulis, A. (1996) A New Method for Plan Appraisal. Seminar, Department of Planning, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK, 28 February 1996
— 1995 —
Perdicoulis, A. (1995) Current Research in Environmental Studies: Environmental Auditing, Environmental Resource Management, and Constraints of EIA. Higher Education Link Programme (British Council) seminars, Avinashilingam Deemed University, Coimbatore, India, 7–18 March 1995
— 1994 —
Perdicoulis, A. (1994) The State of the Environment of Syros. PhD Interim Report presentation, University of Salford, Salford, UK, 28 November 1994
MissionEnhance the efficiency of impact management through the enhanced integration of impact assessment and planning instruments. RemitSpecial — impact assessment (e.g. SEA, EIA) and management (e.g. EMS) AimResearch, prototyping
MissionSeek the explicit definition of the planning problem, shared system knowledge, visual reasoning, and induction methods through the examination of plans, planning processes, and related mental models. RemitEssential AimResearch, learning
MissionEnhance the reasoning and communication of structure and function in systems, processes, and plans with the Systems Planning Modelling Language™ (SPML) and the Systems Planning Methodology™ (SPM). RemitEssential AimPrototyping, training
MissionImprove experimental outcomes and/ or decisions by providing better hypotheses as inputs, conceived through appropriate induction methods — e.g. creative processes. RemitSpecial — limited to the preparation of hypotheses/ proposals AimResearch, prototyping
MissionUnderstand quality as the inherent properties of substance (e.g. planning objects), and appreciate the work involved to produce desired states of these properties. RemitExtra — extended scope (e.g. quality, efficiency) AimResearch, prototyping
MissionComprehend civilisation as historical developments at the global scale, from the perspective of science, education, and culture. RemitExtra — extended scope (e.g. education, culture) AimResearch, training
MissionRe-condition scientific publishing to accommodate trustworthy knowledge that is physically and conceptually accessible, steering clear of ‘exploitation’ or ‘underground’ models. RemitExtra — extended scope (e.g. scientific publishing) AimResearch, prototyping
Association with established specialists — e.g. community development agents, consultants Extension to the beneficiaries — e.g. via undertakings, support, teaching, training Involvement of new talent — e.g. UG or PG students
Systems Planning℠ is cooperative (Network technical folio), and this section is an index of individual and institutional participants with due credits for their contributions (earliest first). The entries of inactive connections are maintained as part of the Systems Planning℠ history.
Over the years, many people have — directly or indirectly — contributed to the development and application of Systems Planning℠. The list below is a subset of a longer list of credits. Teams are usually formed per project (e.g. R&D, application, writing).
Systems Planning℠ creditsInternational academic activities (e.g. visits)
Systems Planning℠ marks its presence in selected mainstream social media with decorous profiles (e.g. a ‘page’ in Facebook), and is represented by its founder and trustee when necessary.
Amazon — books —
Facebook — books —
Twitter — news —
Pinterest — artwork —
Linkedin — profile —
Xing — profile —
YouTube — webcasts —
Special Interest Groups — SIG
The association of Systems Planning℠ with research and praxis specialists shares experience and work, thus advancing and maturing all parties. Creating ‘pools’ of associates comes as a preparation for active networking — these are the ‘lasting’ (as opposed to transient) special interest groups (SIG).