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Rafael Bordalo Pinheiro
Was a Portuguese artist known for his illustration, caricatures, sculpture and ceramics designs.
He was disciple of his father, the painter Manuel Maria Bordalo Pinheiro and brother of painter Columbano. He started publishing is illustration and caricatures in humoristic magazines like A Berlinda, O Calcanhar de Aquiles showing an ironic, often sarcastic, humour mocking politics or social and cultural situations. In 1875 travelled to Brazil to work as illustrator and cartoonist in a review called Mosquito and there he also became the editor of other humourous, political critic magazines. His fame as a caricaturist brought the invitation of Illustrated London News to became one of his collaborators.
Zé Povinho and comics
In 1875, Bordalo Pinheiro created the cartoon character Zé Povinho, a Portuguese everyman, portrayed as a poor peasant. Zé Povinho first appearance was in 1875-05-22, at A Lanterna Mágica magazine, but with no name. He was named later, in the 1875-06-12 edition of the same magazine. Rafael Bordalo Pinheiro kept drawing this character for almost 30 years, until his death, publishing it in many of the more popular magazines and newspapers: O António Maria, A Paródia, O Commércio do Porto Illustrado, Pontos nos iis, among others.
In 1885, he founded a ceramics factory in Caldas da Rainha, where he created many of the pottery designs for which this city is known. The factory is still in business
Rafael Bordalo Pinheiro: http://www.lambiek.net/artists/p/pinheiro_r_b.htm
Rafael Bordalo Pinheiro, a Portuguese ceramist - Cover Story: http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1026/is_n2_v152/ai_19897038
Museu Rafael Bordalo Pinheiro: http://www.planetware.com/lisbon/museu-rafael-bordalo-pinheiro-p-lisb-mrbp.htm
Faianças Artísticas Bordalo Pinheiro Ltd: http://www.fabordalopinheiro.pt/FABPsite/fabpSite2005/fabpUK/EMPRESAIntroUK.htm